I always start with the good person test when sharing the gospel. Then I deal with issues as they come up. Often time the topics that come up are Jewish people do not believe in hell which is not true, but since they do not have the temple they do not have a way to deal with that. They do not think God is going to judge them and they do not think that Jesus was the messiah. There are other issues that you might deal with but those are the most common ones that I run into when witnessing to Jewish people.
When dealing with hell I will have them read Daniel 12:2. I ask them what was that verse talking about. I also have them look at Isaiah 33:14,66:24,
I also like to open my Bible to Isaiah 53 and ask the person to read it. I often start in 52:12. Then I ask them who is the passage talking about. Everyone I have ever asked said it was Jesus. I then explain that they were reading the Jewish scriptures.
My favorite thing to do is walk a Jewish person through the Jewish scriptures and show them they are a picture of Jesus aka a shadow and a picture of Jesus. I walk them through Adam and Eve, talk about the 10th Plague, the perfect lamb and the blood over the door protecting them from the wrath of God. I then talk about the sacrifices at the temple. I talk about John the Baptist calling Jesus the lamb of God that takes away the sins of the word and show Jesus as the Messiah. When I teach this to the students I go through a long study which is below.
When witnessing to a Jewish person it is a beautiful thing to ask them what is the plan God had for the Jewish People. Open up the Scriptures and show them how Jesus fulfills the Passover and atonement. Let them be involved in talking about it so they understand
● Take them through the law and show them their sins.
● Ask: How did God make a way for your sins to be forgiven?
● Listen to what they are going to say
● Go over coming out of Egypt and the Passover
● Maybe go over the Day of Atonement
● The Temple has been destroyed - how are your sins forgiven?
● God has not changed and still has a plan for His people
● Jesus is the lamb of God, the Messiah, the angel of death will Passover us because of the blood of Jesus
Let’s dig in deep
Please ask your students to verbally answer the following questions based on the scriptures provided.
“The Ten Commandments
And God spoke all these words, saying,
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
3 “You shall have no other gods before me.
4 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, nor your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. 11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
13 “You shall not murder.
14 “You shall not commit adultery.
15 “You shall not steal.
16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
17 “You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.” Exodus 20 1-17
Question: What are the commandments?
Have you kept the 10 commandments? Sometimes Jewish people will say: “They do not pertain to me.” We can then say: “Well Moses gave them to the Jewish people and they were written in stone. The 10 commandments are special to the Jewish people. The day of Atonement is necessary due the 10 commandments.”
Notice that even wanting something that is not yours is a sin. Sin starts in the heart. This is how we get to lust being adultery. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife. If you want something you do not have then you are sinning. If you hate someone, you want them dead and are murdering them in your heart.
Lets look at the Passover and being redeemed
Israel in Egypt
Question: Why were the people of Israel in Egypt?
Answer: No mention of discipline. It was for God’s glory, the unveiling of His plan. God foretold it: He did it to save his people. They went in numbering 70 people and came out 2 million. God foretold this to Abraham.
“God said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred years. 14 But I will also judge the nation whom they will serve, and afterward they will come out with many possessions. 15 As for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you will be buried at a good old age. 16 Then in the fourth generation they will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet complete.” Genesis 15:13-16
“And when your children say to you, ‘What does this rite mean to you?’ 27 you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to the Lord who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but spared our homes.’” And the people bowed low and worshiped.” Exodus 12:26-27
Question: What is the importance of the Passover?
Answer: Show that only God can save his people. To remember what God did.
Thus I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them; and I will be honored through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord.” And they did so.
Question: What is God going to do via Pharaoh?
Answer: He will be glorified
“You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.”Deut. 5:15
Question: What is important in this verse?
Answer: What only God could do. Only God could rescue them from Egypt.
“Be careful that you don’t forget the Lord your God by failing to keep His command—the ordinances and statutes—I am giving you today. “ Deuteronomy 8:11
Lamb Sacrifice: Want to show that the lamb offering is used from the beginning but it does not say what the offering is for.
“Abel, on his part also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat portions. And the Lord had regard for Abel and for his offering;”Genesis 4:4
Question: Does it say why the offering was made?
Answer: No. We know it was a sheep from the flock.
“Isaac spoke to Abraham his father and said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” Genesis 22:7
Question: What was the offering for?
Answer: It does not say, but it is counted him as righteousness for trusting God. (Gal 3:6)
“Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats” Ex 12:5
This is talking about the Passover lamb
“Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two one year old lambs each day, continuously. 39 The one lamb you shall offer in the morning and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight; 40 and there shall be one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of beaten oil, and one-fourth of a hin of wine for a drink offering with one lamb. 41 The other lamb you shall offer at twilight, and shall offer with it the same grain offering and the same drink offering as in the morning, for a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the Lord. 42 It shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the doorway of the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you, to speak to you there.”Exodus 29:38-42
Does not say what the offering is for
“And you shall provide a lamb a year old without blemish for a burnt offering to the Lord daily; morning by morning you shall provide it. 14 Also you shall provide a grain offering with it morning by morning, a sixth of an ephah and a third of a hin of oil to moisten the fine flour, a grain offering to the Lord continually by a perpetual ordinance. 15 Thus they shall provide the lamb, the grain offering and the oil, morning by morning, for a continual burnt offering.” Ezekiel 46:13-15
Notice that none of these Lamb offerings are tied to sin.
Four Components of the Passover Feast
● Lamb Sacrifice
● Feast of Unleavened Bread
● [Wine] - added by the Jewish people via tradition and not in the original tradition given by Moses and Jesus gives it a mark of approval by doing it.
● Sanctification of Firstborn
Lamb & Bread
“Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household. 4 ... 5 Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight. 7 Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9 ... 10 ... 11 Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste—it is the Lord’s Passover.” Ex 12:3-11
Wine - During Different parts they Drink wine and they say of the I wills in the order of Ex6:6-7 When Jesus did the Passover during the third cup he added This is my blood of the covenant
- “Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 7 Then I will take you for My people, and I will be your God; and you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.” Ex.6:6-7
Firstborn - Consecration of the First Born or solemn dedication to a purpose.
“For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments—I am the Lord. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.” Ex 12:12-13
“Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “ Sanctify to Me every firstborn, the first offspring of every womb among the sons of Israel, both of man and beast; it belongs to Me.””Ex. 13:1-2
“Now when the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanite, as He swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it to you, 12 you shall devote to the Lord the first offspring of every womb, and the first offspring of every beast that you own; the males belong to the Lord. 13 But every first offspring of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, but if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck; and every firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem. 14 And it shall be when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ then you shall say to him, ‘With a powerful hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, from the house of slavery. 15 It came about, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the Lord killed every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore, I sacrifice to the Lord the males, the first offspring of every womb, but every firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16 So it shall serve as a sign on your hand and as phylacteries on your forehead, for with a powerful hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.”Ex.13:11-16
He took the life of the firstborn male of Egypt and saved the firstborn of Israel so they were his, we redeem them to make them ours. God saved the first born so now sanctify every first born since they belong to God. The Jews would have known all of this.
See also Lev. 27:26-26, Num. 18:15-17 offering the lamb was a picture of Jesus dying to save us.
Jesus Redeemed Jesus fulfilled the law. Jesus was redeemed with 2 turtle doves or 2 pigeons.
21 - And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. 22 And when the days for their purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what was said in the Law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.”
Christ in Passover - Here we will show that Jesus is the Lamb, the Bread and the Wine and the First Born in the Passover Feast.
1 Cor. 5:7b - For Christ our Passover lamb also has been sacrificed.
Lamb - Jesus is the Lamb in Revelation. The Lamb is tied to Redemption and not tied to sin.
“He was oppressed and He was afflicted,
Yet He did not open His mouth;
Like a lamb that is led to slaughter,
And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers,
So He did not open His mouth.” Is. 53:7
This is obviously a picture of Jesus showing him as the lamb.
29 The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” John 1:29
We are slaves to Sin and Jesus redeemed us from our slavery to Sin.
26 While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 27 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. 29 But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”
(Jesus is the lamb)
Jesus adds “this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.” This is the Third cup, the cup of redemption. This is the place where they say from Ex 6:6 “I will redeem” Now Jesus says that his death if for the forgiveness of sins and John the Baptist says the Jesus’ Death is for the forgiveness of sins.
Bread & Wine
After the meal, the third cup is poured. The last of the unleavened bread wafers is blessed, broken, and eaten. Then the father recites the third verb from Exodus 6:6: “I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.” Then the wine is drunk.
26 While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”
Here Jesus is using the Jewish traditional Seder. - Unleavened bread equals no sin.
28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins
Col. 1:15 - He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.
We do not have to redeem our firstborn since Jesus is the first born of the Christians.
Exodus 12 Jen’s comments in Blue
“The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. This is the first month of your calendar It shall be the first month of the year for you. 3 Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month Jesus entered Jerusalem 4 days before the Passover every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, 6 and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight. Everyone kill their lamb in the evening at the same time.
7 “Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread They do not have time to let it rise, have to leave in haste (sin- leaven is a picture of sin) and bitter herbs Bitterness they experienced in Egypt they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted,(cooked with Fire) its head with its legs and its inner parts. 10 And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; Jesus was taken off the cross the night before and not left until morning anything that remains until the morning you shall burn. fire, wrath of God on the lamb 11 In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord's Passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Lord. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations, as a statute forever have it at the marriage ceremony in heaven, you shall keep it as a feast. 15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread Symbolizes purity. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses Leaven is sin and Jews have a game where they put leaven in different places and the kids find leaven and the dad sweeps the leaven into a spoon with a feather and throws it into the fire, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you. 17 And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day, throughout your generations, as a statute forever. 18 In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses. If anyone eats what is leavened, that person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a sojourner or a native of the land.20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwelling places you shall eat unleavened bread.”
21 Then Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and select lambs for yourselves according to your clans, and kill the Passover lamb.22 Take a bunch of hyssop is a branch like a sponge Psalm 51:7(David remembering the Passover) and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel top and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin . None of you shall go out of the door like being closed in like in the ark and being saved of his house until the morning. 23 For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians, and when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, (Hebrews 11:28) the Lord will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you. When God comes back all those angels are going to gather and they will pass over those that have the seal of the Holy Spirit, blood of the lamb(Jesus)Rev 13:8 , Rev 14:9-12 (Rev 14-15) Rev 19:11 24 You shall observe this rite as a statute for you and for your sons forever. 25 And when you come to the land that the Lord will give you, as he has promised, The land they get has houses and vineyards and everything prepare you shall keep this service. 26 And when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27 you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the Lord's Passover, for he passed over the houses of the people of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses.’” And the people bowed their heads and worshiped. 28 Then the people of Israel went and did so; as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn
29 At midnight the Lord struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock. 30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians. And there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where someone was not dead. 31 Then he summoned Moses and Aaron by night and said, “Up, go out from among my people, both you and the people of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as you have said. 32 Take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also!”
33 The Egyptians were urgent with the people to send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.” 34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their cloaks on their shoulders. 35 The people of Israel had also done as Moses told them, for they had asked the Egyptians for silver and gold jewelry and for clothing.36 And the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
37 And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. 38 A mixed multitude also went up with them, and very much livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough that they had brought out of Egypt, for it was not leavened, because they were thrust out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves.
40 The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years. 41 At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It was a night of watching by the Lord, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a night of watching kept to the Lord by all the people of Israel throughout their generations.
Institution of the Passover
43 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it, 44 but every slave that is bought for money may eat of it after you have circumcised him. ones being saved are in the covenants 45 No foreigner or hired worker may eat of it. 46 It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and you shall not break any of its bones. 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48 If a stranger shall sojourn with you and would keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised. Then he may come near and keep it; he shall be as a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. Must be in the covenant 49 There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you.”
50 All the people of Israel did just as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron.51 And on that very day the Lord brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.”
Question: How were sins covered in the Jewish Bible?
How did God deal with sin in the Jewish Bible? Let’s look at the Passover, it is something that you celebrate every year. God told Moses for the people to get a male lamb without blemish that was 1 year old on the 10th of the month and they kept it with them until the 14th of the month. The entire congregation on the 14th day would kill the lamb in the evening. There would be 1 lamb for each house. They would take the blood and would sprinkle it on the top of the door posts and the 2 side posts. They had to say inside the house. When God passed over Egypt he killed the first born man and animal in the entire land of Egypt. When he saw the blood on the door post of the Jews I will Passover them and they will not be killed. This is an example God punishing pharaoh and all his Gods and judging them by killing the firstborn. He saved the Jewish people by the blood of the lamb!
Can you think of another example of what God used to forgive sin in the Jewish Bible? Give them a minute to think so they can give some input.
When God brought them out of Egypt God spoke to Moses. When they were in the Wilderness God gave Moses the 10 commandments. Moses broke the 10 commandments tablets because they were worshiping the golden calf. God was merciful and wrote out the commandments again with the finger of God. While he was up on the Mountain he also gave him a pattern of a tabernacle to build where God would meet them in the Wilderness. God was not going to leave them but God was going meet them.
Since the people continued to disobey the 10 commandments God provided a way for their sins to be covered. ….
Hebrews 7-10 ties the two together
Jesus is our High Priest
Jesus is our Mediator
Jesus was the scapegoat
How to approach God? Only the High Priest could come in the presence of God. Heb 10:19-20. We can now because of Jesus.
“The Day of Atonement 16 The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron died because they offered incense with fire that was not from the lamb sacrifice, when they drew near before the Lord and died, 2 and the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron your brother not to come at any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat that is on the ark, so that he may not die. For I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat. 3 But in this way Aaron shall come into the Holy Place: with a bull from the herd for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. 4 He shall put on the holy linen coat and shall have the linen undergarment on his body, and he shall tie the linen sash around his waist, remember all the linen in Revelation and wear the linen turban; these are the holy garments. He shall bathe his body in water and then put them on. In Ezekiel 36:25-27 it says we are going to be washed prophecy of the new covenant (1 Corinthians 6:11) 5 And he shall take from the congregation of the people of Israel two male goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. 6 “Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering for himself and shall make atonement for himself and for his house. 7 Then he shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 8 And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel. Azazel is the scapegoat 9 And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the Lord and use it as a sin offering, 10 but the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel Scapegoat shall be presented alive before the Lord to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to Azazel. Put both hands on the Goat Confess all the sin of the people on the Goat and then they take the goat into the wilderness and let it go and that is a picture of God getting rid of our sin.
11 “Aaron shall present the bull as a sin offering for himself, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house. He shall kill the bull as a sin offering for himself. 12 And he shall take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord, and two handfuls of sweet incense beaten small, and he shall bring it inside the veil 13 and put the incense on the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is over the testimony, so that he does not die. block him from the glory of God and incense is a picture of our prayers going up to God 14 And he shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the front of the mercy seat on the east side, and in front of the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times. He is doing this for himself
15 “Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering that is for the people and bring its blood inside the veil and do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, sprinkling it over the mercy seat and in front of the mercy seat.16 Thus he shall make atonement for the Holy Place , because of the uncleannesses of the people of Israel and because of their transgressions, all their sins. And so he shall do for the tent of meeting tabernacle, which dwells with them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17 No one may be in the tent of meeting from the time he enters to make atonement in the Holy Place until he comes out and has made atonement for himself and for his house and for all the assembly of Israel. 18 Then he shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar all around.19 And he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it and consecrate it from the uncleanness of the people of Israel.
20 “And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall present the live goat. 21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the people of Israel, and all their transgressions, all their sins. And he shall put them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who is in readiness. 22 The goat shall bear all their iniquities on itself to a remote area, and he shall let the goat go free in the wilderness.
23 “Then Aaron shall come into the tent of meeting and shall take off the linen garments that he put on when he went into the Holy Place and shall leave them there. 24 And he shall bathe his body in water in a holy place and put on his garments and come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people and make atonement for himself and for the people. 25 And the fat of the sin offering he shall burn on the altar. 26 And he who lets the goat go to Azazel shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp. 27 And the bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried outside the camp. Their skin and their flesh and their dung shall be burned up with fire. 28 And he who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
29 “And it shall be a statute to you forever that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict yourselves[b] and shall do no work, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you. 30 For on this day shall atonement be made for you to cleanse you. You shall be clean before the Lord from all your sins. 31 It is a Sabbath of solemn rest to you, and you shall afflict yourselves; it is a statute forever. 32 And the priest who is anointed and consecrated as priest in his father's place shall make atonement, wearing the holy linen garments. 33 He shall make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34 And this shall be a statute forever for you, that atonement may be made for the people of Israel once in the year because of all their sins.” And Aaron[c] did as the Lord commanded Moses.”
Question: What happens on the day of Atonement? How is this a Picture of Jesus?
The High Priest would take a goat and kills it and take it into the holy of holies and this is the place where God meets man and he would put the blood over the mercy seat. Under the mercy seat is the 10 commandments and that represents mans sin. And the mercy seat is pure Gold and it represents perfection and is the footstool for God. Putting the blood on the mercy seat covers the sin for the year and he even had to do this for himself. Then he comes out and they cast lots on 2 goats and 1 goat is scarified and the blood taken into the holy of holies and the blood is put on the mercy seat as a covering.
The second goat they put the hands on the goat and confessed the sins of Israel and the Goat was sent into the wilderness. The scapegoat carried the sins away for the year.
Once a year the high Priest goes into the holies of holies and puts blood on the mercy seat to cover the sins for a year.
Do we have a high priest today that can sacrifice an animal every year? Do you have a way to atone for your sin?
God provided one final High Priest and his name was Jesus.
Today God saves us the same way he did the Jews with the Passover when he sees the blood he will Passover and not bring his judgment on that person.
When Jesus started his ministry and John the Baptist saw him the first time he said:
“The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” John 1:29
Jesus lived the perfect life he was without blemish all our sins were put on him and he was put on the cross and he became our scapegoat and God poured out holy hell on Jesus Christ in our place. He died and was buried. He went to heaven and presented his own blood to the real mercy seat heaven itself and presented his blood for our sins and then rose again the 3rd day. And proved that he was God and defeated death. 40 days later he went to heaven. On the Summer Feast of the Harvest is Pentecost where he gave the Holy Spirit and 3000 people were saved.
Jesus was crucified on the day of Passover, buried on the day of Unleavened Bread and raised on First Fruits.
What was Jesus?
● Never sinned
● all our sin was placed on Jesus
● His blood was presented to God in heaven for all our sin.
● He was buried and rose from the grave
● When Jesus returns with his angels they will Passover those that were covered with the Blood of Jesus.
Hebrews 9:6-28 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
6 With these things set up this way, the priests enter the first room repeatedly, performing their ministry. 7 But the high priest alone enters the second room, and he does that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offers for himself and for the sins of the people committed in ignorance. 8 The Holy Spirit was making it clear that the way into the most holy place had not yet been disclosed while the first tabernacle was still standing. 9 This is a symbol for the present time, during which gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the worshiper’s conscience. 10 They are physical regulations and only deal with food, drink, and various washings imposed until the time of restoration.
New Covenant Ministry 11 But the Messiah has appeared, high priest of the good things that have come.[a] In the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands (that is, not of this creation), 12 He entered the most holy place once for all, not by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood, having obtained eternal redemption. 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow, sprinkling those who are defiled, sanctify for the purification of the flesh,14 how much more will the blood of the Messiah, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse our[b] consciences from dead works to serve the living God?
15 Therefore, He is the mediator of a new covenant,[c] so that those who are called might receive the promise of the eternal inheritance, because a death has taken place for redemption from the transgressions committed under the first covenant. 16 Where a will exists, the death of the one who made it must be established. 17 For a will is valid only when people die, since it is never in force while the one who made it is living. 18 That is why even the first covenant was inaugurated with blood. 19 For when every command had been proclaimed by Moses to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and goats, along with water, scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll itself and all the people, 20 saying, This is the blood of the covenant that God has commanded for you.[d] 21 In the same way, he sprinkled the tabernacle and all the articles of worship with blood. 22 According to the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.
23 Therefore it was necessary for the copies of the things in the heavens to be purified with these sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves to be purified with better sacrifices than these. 24 For the Messiah did not enter a sanctuary made with hands (only a model[e] of the true one) but into heaven itself, so that He might now appear in the presence of God for us. 25 He did not do this to offer Himself many times, as the high priest enters the sanctuary yearly with the blood of another. 26 Otherwise, He would have had to suffer many times since the foundation of the world. But now He has appeared one time, at the end of the ages, for the removal of sin by the sacrifice of Himself. 27 And just as it is appointed for people to die once—and after this, judgment— 28 so also the Messiah, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but[f] to bring salvation to those who are waiting for Him.
The range of things that Jewish people believe today is very large. There are liberal and conservative Jewish people and if you want to know what a specific person believes then you should talk to them. Going and having coffee or a mean with a person and asking them what they believe is a great way to build a relationship to find out what the person believes and help you to share the Christian faith with them.
According to the Jewish faq there are 13 main beliefs.
G-d is one and unique
G-d is incorporeal
G-d is eternal
Prayer is to be directed to G-d alone and to no other
The words of the prophets are true
Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in theTalmud and other writings) were given to Moses
There will be no other Torah
G-d knows the thoughts and deeds of men
G-d will reward the good and punish the wicked
The Messiah will come
The dead will be resurrected
A friend of our ministry Andrew Rappaport has great videos on what the Jewish people believe.
Andrew Rappaport has a book called "What do they believe?" I read through Andrews Book and here is some of the basics from his book. The book is much more detailed and very useful.